The Link Between Obesity and Gum Disease: What You Need to Know
Obesity and Gum diseases are two health conditions which are quite bothering the human society in today’s world.According to US studies obesity in children has tripled over the last 20 years as well as adult obesity has increased over 67%. We already know that obesity leads to a number of diseases such as diabetes, heart diseases, arthritis but you will be quite surprised to know that it leads to gum diseases as well.
In this article let’s ponder on the link between obesity and gum diseases.
The prevalence of obesity and gum disease
Gum disease or Periodontitis is a most common dental problem.It is a serious gum infection affecting and damaging the soft tissues around the teeth. Periodontitis can damage the bone supporting your teeth which ultimately may lead to tooth loss. Apart from tooth loss it also leads to pain and inflammation.
Obesity is a major risk factor for gum disease.One study found that individuals with a BMI of 30 or higher were almost twice as likely to have severe gum disease compared to those with a healthy BMI. A person with obesity can more likely suffer from inflammation of gums leading to gum diseases.The fat cells trigger the production of chemical signals and hormones that can affect metabolism ultimately increasing inflammation. This condition decreases blood flow to the gums and can speed up disease progression.
How obesity affects oral health
The primary factor linking obesity and oral health is the diet plan of an individual.High sugar content and carbohydrates in diets may lead to both tooth decay and weight gain.The bacteria responsible for tooth decay feeds on the sugars in the food items you eat and makes acid. This acid destroys tooth enamel resulting in tooth decay. Obese individuals between the ages of 18 and 34 were found to have a rate of periodontal disease 76% higher than individuals with normal weight.
How oral health affects obesity
In addition to diet, poor oral health can also lead to obesity by affecting the overall health and physical activity levels of an individual. Oral health problems such as tooth pain, gum disease, and missing teeth can pose a challenge to consume nutritious foods, resulting in a diet that is rich in calories but low in essential nutrients.
These oral health problems can also make it difficult to exercise or perform any sorts of physical activities leading to obesity.
The impact of lifestyle factors on oral health
Several lifestyle factors affect oral health such as stress, tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, and unhealthy diet.
Stress can lead to teeth grinding and result in jaw pain. Moreover, it may affect the immune system of the body making it harder to fight different kinds of infections which includes oral infections too.
Smoking and tobacco consumption can lead to bad breath, stained teeth as well as reduced sense of taste and smell. This may result in oral cancer which can be life-threatening
Alcoholic persons may suffer from dry mouth cause less saliva production resulting in tooth decay and gum disease. Oral cancer may be another very serious concern for alcoholics.
Above all dietary plans play an important role in oral health. People eating a balanced diet can get rid of gum disease and tooth decay. Whereas fast foods have high sugar content and it may erode tooth enamel and increase the risk of cavities. Lack of calcium and vitamin D in diet can weaken the teeth and gums, making them more prone to oral health problems.
Prevention strategies for gum disease and obesity.
For healthy gums, we can follow these simple steps:
- Brush twice with a fluoride toothpaste
- Floss daily to remove plaques
- Use an antiseptic mouthwash
- Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol
- Eat a healthy diet
- Visit the dentist regularly.
To reduce obesity we can follow these steps:
- Eat a balanced diet
- Avoid fast foods
- Exercise regularly
- Get enough sleep
- Limit alcohol and sugar intake
- Seek an opinion from a healthcare professional if you are suffering from being overweight.
In conclusion, understanding the link between obesity and gum disease and taking proper preventive measures is crucial for maintaining good oral health and overall well-being. By maintaining a healthy weight and practising good oral hygiene one can reduce the risk of developing gum disease and other obesity-related health problems.
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Quality healthcare is our first priority……The Dentique offers you a beautiful smile that lasts a lifetime……